Angelology – Doctrine of Angels, Satan, and Demons
A. Definition – Several words are used in Scriptures to describe angelic beings. “Angel” literally
means “messenger” in both Hebrew and Greek. “Sons of God” reveals that angels are children of God by creation. “Holy ones” show that angels are set apart by God for service. “Host” can be understood to mean “the armies of Heaven.” Gen. 28.12; Job 1.6, 38.7; Ps. 89.5,7; Ps. 89.6,8; 1 Sam. 17.45; Isa. 31.4.
B. Existence – The existence of angels is never doubted and always assumed by the writers of
Scripture. Angels ministered to Christ after His temptation, He taught the resurrection state would be comparable to angels, and that angels would gather Israel at the Second Coming. The existence of angels is tied to reliability of Christ’s testimony. Matt. 4.11; 22.29-30; 25.31-32, 41.
C. Nature and Attributes – Angels are created spirit beings. They do not have physical bodies.
They were all created at the same time and do not reproduce, hence, there is no longer creation of new angels. Angels are not the spirits of deceased humans. They are of a higher order than man. Gen. 18.3; Heb. 1.14; Mk. 12.25; Lk. 20.36; Ps. 148.2-5; Jb. 38.6-7; Col. 1.16; Matt. 22.30; Heb. 2.7; Rev. 5.11.
A. Existence – Every New Testament writer mentions Satan. Christ Himself referred to Satan
twenty five times. He is referred to with a great variety of names to describe his character. Gen. 3.15; Job. 2.1; 1 Chron. 21.12; Isa. 14.1-17; Ezek. 28.11-19; Matt. 4.10; 12.26; Mk. 1.13; 3.23, 26; 4.15; Jn. 13.27.
B. Origin and Nature – Satan is a created being, created by (and therefore lower than) God. He
once enjoyed an exalted position in the presence of God but fell when he committed the sin of pride, wanting to raise himself above the glory of God. He caused a third of the angels to fall with him, resulting in demons. Satan’s defeat was predicted after the fall in the Garden, and his defeat came to fruition at the cross. Ezek. 28; Isa. 14; Gen. 3.15; Heb. 2.14; Rev. 20.2-3.
A. Origin – When Satan rebelled he led a third of the angels in his attack on God. They were all
cast out of Heaven. Satan is their ruler. Scripture denotes two kinds of demons:those who are free and active in the earth, and those who are confined in chains due to some sort of enormous sin. Matt. 12.24; 25.41; 2 Pet. 2.4; Jude 6; Lk 8.31; Rev. 9.2.
B. Characteristics – Since demons are nothing more than angels that have fallen, they have
the same characteristics. They are spirit beings, they are intelligent, they are powerful. Matt. 8.16,29; Lk. 10.17,20; Acts 16.16; Mk. 1.24; Jn. 10.21.
C. Activity – Demons have the ability to inflict disease, influence the mind, and deceive people
and nations. Lk. 13.11,16; Job 1.12; 2.6; 2 Cor. 4.4; 2.7-10; Gen. 3.1-5; 1 Thes. 3.5; Eph. 2.2; Matt. 13.19; Rev. 16.14.
D. Demon Possession – Demons have the ability to possess humans and excerpt control over
them. The Gospels are full of accounts of people being possessed by demons. Christians however, cannot be possessed. Christians are filled with the Holy Spirit and cannot be controlled.